Free Access
Volume 27, Number 10, December 1999
Page(s) 829 - 834
Section Original articles
Analusis 27, 829-834 (1999)
DOI: 10.1051/analusis:1999150

Extraction preconcentration of platinum and ruthenium using high molecular weight amines prior to simultaneous determination by derivative spectrophotometry

M. Balcerzak and E. Wyrzykowska

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Warsaw University of Technology, Noakowskiego 3, 00-664 Warsaw, Poland

(Received May 27, 1999; revised October 10, 1999; accepted November 2, 1999.)

Platinum and ruthenium can be simultaneously extracted from hydrochloric acid solution by high molecular weight amines (trioctylamine (TOA) or diantipyrylmethane (DAM) in 1,2-dichloroethane) after preliminary conversion into the complexes with SnCl3- ligands. The determination of both metals in the presence of each other in organic solutions of the formed ion-pairs can be accomplished by applying derivative spectrophotometry. The values of the second derivative spectra at 395 nm and 437 nm, calculated with the 2-nd degree polynomial and 75 points correspond to the concentration of platinum associated with TOA and DAM, respectively. The value of the second derivatives at 497 nm and 463 nm can make a basis of the determination of ruthenium in the presence of platinum in the form of ion-pairs with TOA and DAM, respectively. The use of TOA as extractant ensures higher precision and accuracy of the determination of platinum and ruthenium by derivative spectrophotometry. RSD of the results of the determination of metals in synthetic mixtures does not exceed 2.7 % and 3.2 % for platinum and ruthenium, respectively.

Key words: Platinum determination / ruthenium determination / extraction preconcentration / tin(II) chloride complexes / derivative spectrophotometry.

© EDP Sciences, Wiley-VCH 1999