Free Access
Volume 28, Number 10, December 2000
Structure elucidation by LC-MS
Page(s) 966 - 972
Section Original articles
Analusis 28, 966-972 (2000)
DOI: 10.1051/analusis:2000163

UV spectrophotometry for monitoring toxic gases

E. Dupuit, A. Dandrieux, P. Kvapil, J. Ollivier, G. Dusserre and O. Thomas

École des Mines d'Alès, 6 avenue de Clavières, 30319 Alès Cedex, France

(Received August 9, 2000; revised December 14; accepted December 18, 2000.)

The need for gas compound measurement concerns overall three domains: environmental monitoring, emission measurement and risk assessment. These fields are different because of concentration range (from 10-3 to thousands mg$\cdot$m-3). A fast technique has been developed based on UV spectrophotometry. Simple robust optics and absence of interference from water vapour and carbon dioxide are two of the main benefits of this method. All measurements are performed with a quartz flow cell of 10 cm pathlength. In this condition, the detection limits of various compounds (ammonia, hydrogen sulphide, sulphur dioxide, benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and p-xylene) vary between 30 and 100 mg$\cdot$m-3. This UV spectrometry system has been tested with success in two applications. The first one is during gaseous ammonia dispersion, simulating a chemical accident. The second one is BTEX monitoring measurement in a process control of soil remediation. In this case, UV is associated with spectral data treatment software. All results are compared with reference methods (Nessler reagent for ammonia, gas chromatography for BTEX). An acceptable agreement was found.

Key words: UV spectrophotometry -- gaseous phase -- toxic gas -- analysis.

© EDP Sciences, Wiley-VCH 2000