Free Access
Volume 28, Number 5, June 2000
Page(s) 432 - 437
Section Original articles
Analusis 28, 432-437 (2000)
DOI: 10.1051/analusis:2000129

Analysis of some metals in wine by means of capillary electrophoresis. Application to the differentiation of Ribeira Sacra Spanish red wines

M. Núñez, R.M. Peña, C. Herrero and S. García-Martín

Departamento de Química Analítica, Nutrición y Bromatología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Avda. Alfonso X El Sabio s/n, 27002 Lugo, Spain

(Received March 7, 2000; revised June 6, 2000; accepted July 4, 2000.)

The content of some metals (Na, K, Ca, Mg, Mn and Li) in a variety of red wines produced in different geographical zones of Galicia was determined in a single analysis by capillary electrophoresis. Data were processed using multivariate supervised and non-supervised chemometric techniques involving cluster analysis, principal component analysis (PCA), linear discriminant analysis (LDA), K nearest neighbours (KNN) and soft independent modelling of class analogy (SIMCA). The results obtained have allowed for the categorisation of wine samples according to their origin; the wines with Ribeira Sacra Certified Brand of Origin (CBO) can be differentiated from the wines of two other CBO from Galicia: Ribeiro and Valdeorras. The latter two types of wine are made with the same or similar grape varieties; hence, due to their similar organoleptic properties they are possible substitutes for the falsification of Ribeira Sacra wines.

Key words: Mineral content -- capillary electrophoresis -- wines -- multivariate analysis.

© EDP Sciences, Wiley-VCH 2000