Free Access
Volume 27, Number 8, October 1999
Supercritical-fluid chromatography
Page(s) 742 - 748
Section Original articles
Analusis 27, 742-748 (1999)
DOI: 10.1051/analusis:1999139

Suitability of different C18 silica-based stationary phases for the transferability of an Ion-Interaction HPLC method

M.C. Gennaro, S. Angelino and V. Gianotti

Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate, Università del Piemonte Orientale Amedeo Avogadro, Corso Borsalino, 54- 15100 Alessandria, Italy

(Received March 26, 1999; revised October 1, 1999; accepted October 5, 1999.)

A critical chromatographic separation of a mixture containing inorganic anions (nitrate and nitrite) and organic cations (the three isomeric forms of phenylendiamine) was chosen as the system suitability test (SST) to compare the performance, under Ion-Interaction condition, of five different C18 columns char acterised by the same specifics. The ruggedness (i.e. the capacity to yield good results also when there are variations in the "experimental circumstances") of the Ion Interaction Reagent (IIR) HPLC method previously developed and optimised was evaluated with robustness tests for each stationary phase considered. Variations of +-10 % to the nominal val ues of the chromatographic conditions were imposed and the effects on the chromatographic response were evaluated. For the different stationary phases the results showed performances and behaviours unexpectedly different, concerning not only the resolution among the components of the mixture but also their elution sequence order. The studies identified the pH value of the mobile phase as the most critical parameter of the method, which must be very strictly controlled. For one of the stationary phases considered a pH variation of only 5 % with respect to the nominal value not only gave unsatisfactory resolutions, but also a different elution order of the analytes. Another of the tested columns was proved not suitable to work under these IIR conditions.

Key words: Liquid chromatography -- SST -- robustness tests -- validation.

© EDP Sciences, Wiley-VCH 1999