Free Access
Volume 26, Number 10, December 1998
Page(s) 400 - 406
Section Original articles
Analusis 26, 400-406 (1998)
DOI: 10.1051/analusis:1998192

Application of multivariate mathematical-statistical methods to compare reversed-phase thin-layer and liquid chromatographic behaviour of tetrazolium salts in Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationships (QSRR) studies

G.A. Csiktusnádi-Kiss1, E. Forgács1, M. Markuszewski2 and S. Balogh3

1  Institute of Chemistry, Chemical Research Centre, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 17, 1525 Budapest, Hungary
2  Medical University of Gdañsk, Dept. of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacodynamics, Budapest, Hungary
3  Reanal Fine Chemicals, Budapest, Hungary

The retention parameters of seven mono- and nine ditetrazolium salts were investigated by reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RP-LC) using polyethylene-coated alumina support with various concentration of eluent-mixtures and by reversed-phase thin-layer chromatography (RP-TLC) using the same support and eluent-mixtures. Principal component analysis (PCA) followed by non-linear mapping (NLM) and varimax rotation was used for the determination of molecular substructures and physicochemical parameters accounting for the separation in the different methods and circumstances. Calculations proved that the steric and electronic parameters have the highest influence on the retention of tetrazolium salts. This investigation uncovered that the thin-layer chromatography is strictly independent from liquid chromatography. It has been established that multivariate mathematical-statistical methods are the most appropriate ways for evaluation of large data matrices in various chromatographic departures.

Key words: Tetrazolium salts / thin layer chromatography / liquid chromatography / principal component analysis / cluster analysis / non-linear mapping / varimax rotation.

© EDP Sciences, Wiley-VCH 1998